عنوان مقاله [English]
Driss Chraïbi is one of the most famous Francophone Moroccan writers, who has grown in the former French colonies; that’s why he attaches particular attention to cultural consequences of colonialism in the colonial societies. In some of his works, he makes reference, implicitly or explicitly, to the relations between the colonizer and colonized people, and describes military force’s actions or cultural plans in colonized countries. Aimée Césaire is a Martinican politician and author who is considered in Francophone academic environments as a pattern in anti-colonial studies and struggles. In this paper, we try to explain and analyze Aimée Césaire ideas as these are presented in Discourse on Colonialism (1950) and Culture and Colonialism (1963). Then, we examine different effects of intern and external colonial influences in four of Driss Chraïbi’s novels: The Simple Past (1954), The Goats (1955), The Civilization, My Mother (1972), Seen, Read, Heard (1998).
Colonialism, colonizer, colonized, culture, civilization, history, identity