روایت شناسی ارسطویی: کشف و دگرگونی در سه حکایت مثنوی معنوی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

2 کارشناس ارشد زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به بررسی روایت‌شناسانۀ پیرنگ درونی سه حکایت مثنوی معنوی، «طوطی و مرد بازرگان»، «مار و مرد مارگیر» و «استاد و شاگردان»، بر اساس نظریات ارسطو در کتاب فن شعر، می‌پردازد و با استناد به نظریات وی در مورد «پیرنگ تأثیرگذار» می‌کوشد عناصرارسطویی «دگرگونی» (Peripetia) و «کشف و وقوف» (Anagnorisis) در حکایات مذکور را بشناساند، عناصری که از آن طریق، مولانا مفاهیم اخلاقی و تعلیمی از طریق ایجاد حس ترس و ترحم را به خواننده منتقل کرده است. «کشف»، در این حکایت‌ها از نوع پنجم و ششم کشف‌های ارسطویی‌ست که آن‌ها را کشف‌های تأثیرگذار می‌نامند که از ترتیب حوادث و یا برداشت نادرست شخصیت‌ها از وضعیت موجود، نشأت می‌گیرند. این نوشتار، بر آن است تا به این سؤال پاسخ دهد که آیا می‌توان نظریات ارسطو را در بررسی شعر روایی مولانا به‌کار برد؟ روش تحقیق در آن بیشتر مقایسه‌ای، تطبیقی و تحلیلی است که از ابزارهای اسنادی بهره جسته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Aristotelian Narratology: Anagnorisis and Peripetia in three Selected Stories of Masnavi-Ma’navi

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahad Mehrvand 1
  • Shirin Emami 2
2 M.A of English language and literature
چکیده [English]

This present article aims at examining a narratological study of the inner plot of selected stories of Masnavi-Ma’navi –namely, “The Parrot and the Merchant”, “The Snake and the Snake-Catcher”, and “Students and their Teacher”- on the basis of Aristotle’s theories as discussed in his seminal work Poetics. Introducing Aristotle as the founder of narratology and using his ideas about an effective plot as discussed in Poetics, we aim at investigating the moral lessons conveyed through the use of the two Aristotelian concepts of Peripetia and Anagnorisis. The selected stories contain the fifth and sixth forms of Aristotelian discovery, the most effective forms of discovery, which are formed either through the natural sequence of events, the false inference, or deception of the characters. The article tries to answer the question: Are Aristotelian theories of Peripetia and Anagnorisis applicable to Mowlana’s narrative poetry? This research has profited from comparative and analytical methodology.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • “Masnavi-Ma’navi”
  • “Mowlana”
  • “Narratology”
  • “Aristotle's Poetics”
  • “Peripetia”
  • “Anagnorisis”
 

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