عنوان مقاله [English]
In view of the formation of texture of the personality of everyone at the first ages of his life, it is the child who is placed at the center of the education. Jean-Jacque Rousseau, the great philosopher of the eighteenth century, is the one who discovered rightly the child and the importance of his education. His educational theories, explained in Emile in form of imaginary stories have achieved a prominent position in literature and also in child psychology because of their novel feature and presenting innovative viewpoints in educating an imaginary student. The main method used by Rousseau in his pedagogical directive is that of negative education which is based on freedom and on the concept of “live fully as a child”. This article is proposed to examine the theory of the negative education of Rousseau while following his footsteps in modern psychology to estimate the impact of his ideas on those of pedagogues and psychologists of twentieth century.