عنوان مقاله [English]
Zola as a pioneer of literary school of naturalism looks at the world and society like a domain of struggling between natural and historical forces that influence on individual's life specially and human's life generally. This idea in a literary work like L'Assommoir is recognizable in two levels : one in contain itself which is directly received by the reader and the other one in form and literary techniques that demands more effort from the reader or the critic. In fact, the narration and the narrative tricks is a part that, in a different way from the contain, conducts us towards the discovery of the writer's thought. In this paper, we try to follow the traces of naturalism school principals in a practical example, it is to say L'Assommoir by Zola, on one hand and explain the cases where there is a contrast between theory and function, on the other hand.