نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشیار زبان و ادبیات روسی، دانشکدة زبانها و ادبیات خارجی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش زبان روسی، دانشکدة زبانها و ادبیات خارجی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Turgenev was born in a respected and wealthy family that had piled up great wealth in feudalism system.He witnessed how his mother treated their workers and gradually developed deep enmity with the system. Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev published “A Sportsman’s Notebook” in 1852.
He did not see the peasant as properties of the landlords and pictured their characteristics as key elements with realistic and objective destiny. In light of this, he started a new era in Russian Literature.
A Sportsman’s Notebook was created in the literal movement of naturalism, which mainly tries to picture Russian’s life (mainly the poor) with lots of details.
The present study is an attempt to survey the picture of social classes system (feudalism) in Russian literal works from Russian literature critics’ viewpoint with focus on Turgenev’s work “A Sportsman’s Notebook.”
Critics such as Blinsky as founder of literal criticism of Russia, Maxim Georgy the symbol and defender of proletarian art and pioneer of socialist realist style, and Berdieve the existentialist literature critic are some of the critics to name but a few. In this regard, academic works of the renown Turgenev expert Nicolai Ivenovich Yakoshin is notable as well