عنوان مقاله [English]
Where have gone the myths which had been the basis of thought and morality in past times? And now how and where can they be found again? This essay aims to reply these questions; specifically search for those ideas which have been theorized as the new and modern forms and functions of mythology. Then, after criticizing those ideas who concern the new forms of mythology in modern and industrial societies only in some concepts like: power, mode and media myths; it considers the other face of mythology which is not powerful, ideological and public but symbolic, dreamy, mysterious and unique. The human mind spends his eternal ability to create myths in literature and art where the myths can breathe and relive in an intimate and familiar atmosphere.
This essay encourages discovering the new myths in new and modern literature rather than reflecting on old myths in modern literature. The new form of characters, places and events in literature can be considered new myths, which emerge from their abstract individuality and appear in mythological dimension that shine beyond time and place. So, they can function as mythological symbols to describe the situation and problems of modern man.
The undiscovered and unknown layers of literature and art is full of symbols that have originated in unconsciousness and their deep meaning is not clear to any one even the creator. Thus their various interpretations may be found and revealed after many years and centuries.