بازخوانی تطبیقی نمود روانی اندیشه فرود و تباهی در شعر سیاب و اخوان بر اساس نظریه اگزیستانسیالیستی اروین د یالوم.(اضطراب مرگ)

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

10.22059/jor.2022.335242.2249

چکیده

طبق نظریه روانشناختی اروین د.یالوم،«اضطراب مرگ» یکی از اساسی‌ترین دغدغه‌های وجودی انسان است؛ که بسته به چگونگی رویارویی با آن، سبک زندگی و برخورد و تعامل با هستی در فرد متفاوت خواهد بود. در پژوهش حاضر نمود روانی اندیشه فرود و تباهی و ارتباط آن با اضطراب مرگ، براساس نظریه اگزیستانسیالیستی اروین د. یالوم در شعر دو شاعر عربی و فارسی بدرشاکرالسیاب و مهدی اخوان ثالث بررسی شده است؛ نگارندگان کوشیده‌اند تا با کاربست روش توصیفی- تحلیلی و بر بنیاد مکتب آمریکایی ادبیات تطبیقی به تحلیل روانشناسانه، انگیزه‌های گرایش به موضوع مرگ و مکانیزم‌های دفاعی که دو شاعر در برابر اضطراب مرگ به کار گرفته‌اند، بپردازند و به این نتیجه دست یافتند که دو شاعر متأثر از انگیزه مرگ آگاهی و اضطراب وجودی ترس از مرگ به مکانیزم‌های دفاعی روی آوردند و اندیشه‌های فرود و تباهی در اشعارشان فضای بسزایی را به خود اختصاص داده است. به دلیل فقدان پژوهشی در زمینه تطبیق این نظریه بر اشعار سیاب و اخوان طرح این موضوع اهمیت می‌یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparative reading of the psychological manifestation of the idea of descent and destruction in the poetry of Sayyab and the Akhavan sales based on the existentialist theory of Irvin D. Yalom. (Death Anxiety)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahboobeh Habibi
  • Ahmadreza Heidaryan shahri
  • Bahar Seddighi
Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Letters & Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

According to Irvin D.Yalom's psychological theory,"death anxiety"is one of the most basic existential concerns of humans.The lifestyle and encounters and interactions with existence in person will be different depending on how he deals with it.The present study investigated the psychological manifestation of the idea of descent and destruction and its relationship with death anxiety,in the poetry of two Arabic and Persian poets, Badr Shaker Al-Sayyab and Mehdi Akhavan-e-Sales, based on Irvin D.Yalom's existentialist theory;And the authors have tried psychologically analyze the motives of the tendency to die and the defense mechanisms used by these two poets against death anxiety with descriptive-analytic methods and based on the American school of comparative literature.And concluded that two poets influenced by the motive of death consciousness and existential anxiety fear of death turned to defense mechanisms and The thoughts of descent and destruction have taken up a lot of space in their poems.Due to the lack of research on the application of this theory to the poems of Sayyab and Akhavan,this issue is important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Criticism
  • Existential Anxiety
  • Death Anxiety
  • defensive mechanisms
  • Irvin D. Yalom
  • Badr Shaker Al-Sayyab
  • Mehdi Akhavan Sales
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