بازنمایی چالش های نظام سیاسی اجتماعی انگلستان در آغاز دوره ی مدرن در نمایشنامه ی انتقام آنتونیو اثر جان مارستون

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس دانشکده مطالعات انگلستان، دانشگاه لورن، فرانسه دانش آموختۀ دانشگاه استراسبورگ، فرانسه

2 پروفسور دانشکده مطالعات انگلستان، دانشگاه استراسبورگ، فرانسه

چکیده

آغاز دوره ی مدرن یکی از مناقشه برانگیزترین برهه های تاریخی در قاره ی اروپا و به طور خاص در انگلستان، محسوب می شود. نظام سیاسی اجتماعی انگلستان در آغاز دوره ی مدرن با چالش های جدید و بنیادین متعددی روبرو شد. ظهور معرفت شناسی مدرن در سایه ی دستاوردهای علمی و تجربی دانشمندان در این دوره، اعتبار آموزه های مسیحی قرون وسطایی که شالوده ی اصلی نظام سیاسی اجتماعی انگلستان بودند را به چالش می کشید. بر این اساس روشنفکران و طبقات تحصیل کرده ی جامعه نیاز به تغییر در اصول این نظام را بیش از هر زمان دیگری احساس می کردند. بی گمان آثار ادبی در این دوره، و به طور خاص نمایشنامه، این رویارویی فکری و سیاسی بین سنت و گفتمان های نوظهور را منعکس می کنند. نوشتار حاضر، این تقابل ایدئولوژیک را با بهره جستن از رهیافت انتقادی مادیگرایی فرهنگی در نمایشنامه ی انتقام آنتونیو اثر جان مارستون مورد بررسی قرار می دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

John Marston's "Antonio's Revenge": A Representation of Socio-Political Conflicts in Early Modern England

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahab Entezareghaem 1
  • Jean- Jacques Chardin 2
1 Teaching and Research Assistant, Department of English Studies, University of Lorraine
2 Professor, Department of English Literature, France University of Strasbourg, France.
چکیده [English]

The early modern period is one of the most controversial eras in western history, in general, and in England, in particular. The long-established socio-political structure of England encountered a number of fundamental emerging challenges in the early modern period. With the rise of a new episteme and in the wake of unprecedented experimental discoveries of scientists in this era, Biblical and medieval teachings upon which the socio-political structure of England was mainly founded, were seriously put into question. Hence, the intellectuals and elites of the English society increasingly felt the need for an indispensable change in the principles of this system. There is no denial that literature in this epoch, and theatre in particular, reflect this intellectual confrontation between Christian traditions and emerging secular discourses. In this paper, the author adheres to the tenets of British cultural materialism to shed some new light on this ideological conflict in the early modern epoch as being represented in John Marston's "Antonio's Revenge".

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • early modern period
  • Cultural Materialism
  • revenge tragedy
  • socio-political crisis
  • providentialism
  • Antonio's revenge
  • John Marston
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