بررسی تطبیقی اندیشه‌های آرمان‌شهر‌‌‌ی در اشعار نیما یوشیج و والت ویتمن

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد زبان وادبیات فارسی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

2 دانشیار زبان وادبیات فارسی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

چکیده

اندیشه آرمانشهری به معنای توصیف و آرزوی پیدایی جامعه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ای آرمانی که در آن همه ارزش‌های انسانی به کمال رسیده باشد و آحاد آن در پناه اندیشه و خرد در کنار هم با مسالمت می زیند قدمتی به درازنای تاریخ دارد . چنانکه می‌توان مدعی شد که هدف غایی و ادعایی همه ادیان ومذاهب و فرمانروایان در طول تاریخ نیل به چنین جامعه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ای بوده است. لذا شگفت انگیز نیست که این اندیشه از دیرباز مورد توجه فلاسفه و اندیشمندان جهان قرار گرفته و بزرگانی چون افلاطون و توماس مور در جهان غرب، و فارابی در جهان شرق هر یک از دیدگاه خویش مختصات آن را برشمرده اند و راه دستیابی بدان را نیز به زعم خود ترسیم کرده‌اند. در پژوهش حاضر اندیشه‌های آرمانشهری نیما یوشیج و والت ویتمن به عنوان نمایندگانی از شرق و غرب جهانی که در آستانۀ قرن بیستم دستخوش تحولاتی شگرف بود مورد بررسی و تطبیق قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of Utopian Thoughts in the Poems of Nima Yooshij and Walt Whitman

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Karimi 1
  • Mohammad Taheri 2
1 Department of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Human Science, Bu Ali Sina University of Hamadan, Hamedan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Human Science, Bu Ali Sina University of Hamadan, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The idea of ​​utopia is to describe and aspirate the emergence of an ideal society in which all human values ​​are fully realized, and all of which are peaceful in peace with thought and wisdom, has a long history . It can be argued that the ultimate and supposed goal of all religions and goverments in the history of achieving such a community has been. It is not surprising, therefore, that this idea has long been considered by philosophers and thinkers of the world, and the great figures such as Plato and Thomas Moore in the Western world and Farabi in the Eastt have identified each of their points of view as their coordinates. In the present study, the ideals of Nima Yushi and Walt Whitman, as representatives of the East and West of the World, which have undergone tremendous developments at the turn of the twentieth century, have been studied and adapted

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Utopia
  • Nima yoshij
  • Walt Whitman
  • Comparative literature
  • Modern Poetry
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