ادبیات اقلیت ها و تردید در مسیحیت به عنوان فراروایت رستگاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشآموخته دکتری زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

این مقاله به بررسی نوع مواجهه نویسندگان اقلیت پسا‌استعماری با مسیحیت می‌پردازد. مسیحیت در طول تاریخ با فراروایت رستگاری و تولید روایت‌های استعماری عملاً در نقش نهادی ایدئولوژیک به دنبال باز‌تولید و تقویت گفتمان غالب استعماری به منظور نهادینه‌سازی فرمانبرداری و ایجاد سوژه‌های رام و منقاد در مستعمره بود. با ظهور دوران پسا‌استعمار و متعاقباً پیدایش گفتمان اقلیت‌ها، فراروایت مسیحیت به تدریج «اعتبار» خود را از دست‌رفته دید و «تردید»‌ها نسبت به ژست خیرخواهانه آن افزایش ‌یافت. نویسندگان ادبیات / گفتمان اقلیت تعاریف جدیدی از مسیحیت به دست دادند. آن‌ها خواستار جدایی مسیحیت استعماری از لوگوس بودند و نتیجتاً آن‌را از فراروایت رستگاری تا مرز فراروایتی سیاسی از طریق ایجاد مدلول‌های واسازانه برای مسیحیت تنزل ‌دادند. مقاله پیش ِرو خوانشی لیوتاری-دریدایی از گفتمان مربوط به مسیحیت اقلیت‌ها به دست می‌دهد و واکنش‌های مختلف مقاومت آنها ‌را بررسی می‌کند و گفتمان‌های بدیل و رقیب را که در اَشکال پناه به دیگر فراروایت‌ها، بازگشت به دامان مسیحیت و احیای آیین‌ها و مذاهب بومی تبلور می‌یابد مورد ارزیابی قرار می-دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Minority Literature and IncredulityTowards Christianity as an Emancipatory Metanarrative

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Javidshad 1
  • Alireza Nikouei 2
1 Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

This paper explores the resisting manner of minor, postcolonial writers against Christianity. Throughout the history, Christianity as an ideological state apparatus, has been attempting to solidify and reproduce dominant colonial discourses in order to instill obedience and create submissive subjects in the colonies. With the appearance of postcolonial era and the subsequent minority discourse, Christian metanarrative gradually lost its “validity” and witnessed an increasing “incredulity” towards its benevolent posture. Writers of minor literature / discourse produced new significations for Christianity. They tried to separate the colonial Christianity from Logos and consequently degenerate it from an emancipatory metanarrative into a political metanarrative through creating deconstructive signifieds for Christianity. The present paper reads minority discourse on Christianity in the light of Lyotardian-Derridian approach and discusses the diverse resisting reactions against it and explores the alternative discourses which appear in the forms of resorting to other metanarratives, coming back to Christianity, and restoring native rites and religions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Christianity
  • minorities literature
  • emancipatory metanarrative
  • Logos
  • Deconstruction
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