A Comparative Study of Conceptual Metaphors in the Domains of Sadness and Happiness Based on Evidence from Works by Afghani and Ishiguro

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Graduate Student of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian and Foreign Languages, Islamic Azad University Tabriz Unit,Tabriz, Iran.

2 Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian and Foreign Languages, Islamic Azad university Tabriz Unit, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian and Foreign Languages, Islamic Azad university Tabriz Unit, Tabriz, Iran.


One of the it̛s uses is to study emotions.The conceptual metaphor is one of the most important points of view of cognitive linguistics.which played a important role in understanding abstract one of it̛s uses is to study emotions. accordingly, the purpose of this study is to examine and compare conceptual metaphors of sadness and happiness in the works of contemporary writers is called Afghani and Ishiguru (Nobel prize winner in 2017).to carry out the research process, 114 case of the works of the two above mentioned authors were first extracted in all of them, the metaphorical concept of the area of sadness and happiness was used. From this series, 67 cases were associated with sadness, and 47 cases were associated with happiness metaphors. then the sadness and happiness of metaphors are grouped according to the model of kovecses,. After analyzing the data , attempts have been made to determine the most frequent metaphorical mapping and sourse domains.


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