Representation of War in Literature and Art and in the Memoirs of Soldiers in the Trenches

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of French Language and Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Comparative Literature, Department of French Language and Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


History is written by a historian and will be confirmed or rejected it in the future. The historian writes it from his own point of view and it can be correct or distorted. It will be more believable when history is told by a writer in a novel or a poem. Therefore, the contribution of committed writers who portrayed resistance and stability in their works should be considerate. One of the most referenced writings on war is the correspondence of soldiers written in the trenches to be a document of the reality of history. In this article, with a descriptive-analytical look at the war and its representation in the art and literature on the one hand, and on the other hand, considering the genre of memoir in the notes of Iranian soldiers in the imposed war and it will be compared with letters from French soldiers in World War I. The result of this comparison is the emergence of two views and two perspectives on the issue of war.


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