Contemplation the Impact of the Pakistani Women's Movement on Urdu Women's Literature.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in Persian language and literature, Imam Khomeini International University

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, Imam Khomeini International University

3 Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, GCU University, Lahore, Pakistan



Urdu, the national language of Pakistan, has a valuable literary heritage inwhich women have played a major role. Following the emergence of women's movements in the West and its shift to Asia, the pursuit of women's social demands became one of the main concerns of Pakistani educated women.women poets and writers used literature to achieve social ideals, creating works that could be called women's literature or writing. This descriptive-analytical study has tried to study the evolution of women's writing in different periods while analyzing the background of the formation of women's movements and the connection of Urdu literature with these movements.The results show that throughout the history of the subcontinent, many women have created and produced literary works; But the reflection of women's specific issues, especially their social rights, dates back to the mid-nineteenth century. Literary activities for the production of women's writing have expanded after the independence of Pakistan, and has introduced great poets and writers such as: Venus, Fahmideh Riyadh, Adjafari, Parvin Shakir to the world of literature.


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