Comparative comparison of the Nostalgia in poetry of Mohammad Reza Shabibi and Mirzadeh Eshghi

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

PhD in Arabic Language and Literature from the University of Tehran

10.22059/jor.2021.313576.2075

Abstract

Nostalgia is one of the most widely used words in literature, which is used in Persian to mean loneliness,return to the past. Due to the similar conditions of the twentieth century in Iran and Iraq, there are commonalities between their literary themes. Mohammad Reza Shabibi and Mirzadeh Eshghi; There are two prominent poets of Iran and Iraq in twentieth century who have many similar foundations in the thems of nostalgic literature. In the present article, based on the descriptive-analytical method and the American school of comparative literature,First, themes of nostalgic literature were extracted, then some results were obtained: Both poets, when they find it impossible to Realization of the positive values of society, they experience failure and death thinking and fell sense of nostalgia. In their view, a return to the historical past and an ideal society is the key to restoring the country's identity. Unlike Shabibi, Eshghi hopes for tomorrow in which peace and friendship will covers all the jars and oppression and hypocrisy will be dismantled.

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