A comparative Study of Agnosticism in the Ode "Talasim" by Eliya Abumazi and the Ghazal "I Don't Know this House or You" by Molana

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor Of Arabic Language and Literature, Department of Language and Literature, Farhangian University of Tehran, Iran.


Ignorance is one of the elements of a poetic image that expresses the poet's view the world of creation. Ilya and Maulana, the poets of Linani and Iran, sought to express it. The need to know the theme and their common and different concepts and the impact of each other is the main necessity of research. In this article, with descriptive-analytical approach and relying on comparative literature, some aspects of the sharing and differentiation of the poem "Talasem" by Elijah and Ghazal "I do not know this porch of yours" are discussed. The results show that is no influence between them, and both were influenced by the poets before them in their philosophical poetry. Both worldviews are based on philosophy and seek to find the truth and were able to lead man to existence by creating doubt; it can be said that Rumi's faith is stronger than Abu Mawazi's. Elijah's concepts are more complex because he pays special attention to cryptography, but Rumi's poetry is far from obligatory and mystical.


Abboud, Abdo. “Comparative Literature and Modern Critical Trends”. The World of Thought. Kuwait,  1999, 265-320.
AbuMazi, Eliya. Tables Office. Beirut: Dar Al-Moallem for Millions, 1986.
---------. The Diwan of Elia Abu Madi. Beirut: Dar Al-Hilal, 2006.
Aflaky, Shams al-Din Muhammad. The Virtues of the Knowers. Tehran: The world of a book, 1983.
Al-Khatib, Hossam. Horizons of Comparative Literature, Arab and International. 2nd Edition. Damascus: Dar Al-Fikr, 1999.
Barhoumi, Khalil. Elia Abu Madi, the Poet of Question and Beauty. Beirut: Scientific Books House, 1992.
Brunel, Pierre. Claudepichoa and Andre Michel Rousseau. What is Comparative Literature? Translated by Ghassan Al-Sayed. Damascus: Dar Ala Al-Din, 1996.
Divasalar, Farhad, and Zahra Shahbazi. "Manifestations of Reflection from the Point of View of Religious Teachings in the Ode's Talisman by Ilya Abu Madi". Literary Criticism Studies, Article 4, vol. 11, no. 44 ,2016: 109-135.
Ebrahimi, Marzieh, and Fataneh Mahmoudi. “Comparative-Transtextual Study of Herat School Manuscript to Orhan Pamuk, with an Emphasis on Khosrow and Shirin and Novel entitled ‘My Name Is Red’”. Research in Contemporary World Literature [Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji], vol. 23, no. 1 ,2018: 5-34.
Fakhoury, Hanna. The Whole in the History of Arabic Literature. Qom: The Spread of Dhul-Qirbi, 2002.
Farshidvard, Khosrow. About Literature and Literary Criticism. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publications, 1994.
Guillard, Marius Francois. Comparative Literature. Translated by Muhammad Ghallab. Cairo: The Arab Statement Committee, 1956.
Hilal, Mohamed Ghonimi. Comparative Literature. 3rd Edition. Cairo: Egypt's Renaissance House for Printing and Publishing, 1962.
Homayi, Jalaluddin. Rumi Letter. Tehran: Publication, 1997.
Hosseini, Alireza, et al. "A Comparative Study of the Golden Ode of Ilya Abu Madi and the Lyric of Rumi. Where did I come from? What was my coming?" Third National Conference on the Language of Literature and Recognition of Celebrities. Khorasan, 2018.
Hovari, Salah El-Din. Diwan Elia Abu Madi. Beirut: Al-Hilal Library. 2009.
Jafari, Mohammad Taqi. Khayyam character analysis. Qom: Touba Publications, 1986.
Makki, Taher Ahmed. Comparative literature, its origins, development and methods. Cairo: Dar Al Maarif, 1987.
Mawlawi, Jalaluddin Muhammad. Shams Colleges. Chap Awal. Tehran: Javaidan, 1989.
Mirqaderi, Seyed Fazlullah. "Effects of Reflection on the Works of Ilya Abu Madi", Journal of Tehran Faculty of Literature, vol. 150, 1999: 328-367.  
Mosaheb, Gholamhossein. The Knowledge of the Persian Language. Tehran: The publications of Amir Kabir, 2001.
Mullah Ebrahimi, Ezzat. "An Introduction to Abu Madi Poetry". Journal of the Faculty of Literature. No. 7-6 .2004: 149- 161.
Pirani, Mansour. “A Comparative Critique of the Poem "Dogs and Wolves" by Mehdi Akhavan Sales and Shandour Petofi”. Research in Contemporary World Literature [Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji], vol. 62, no. 6 ,2022: 486-513.
Qaisumah, Mansour. Trends of Modern Arabic Poetry in the First Half of the Twentieth Century, Subordination. Diwan Group, Romance, Tunisia: The Tunisian House of the Book, 2013.
Rahimipour, Safia. Investigating and Criticizing the Attitude of Ilya Abu Madi in Talasm. Master’s Thesis. University of Mashhad.
Russell, Bertrand. “What is an Agnostic?” The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. London & New York: Routledge, 2009, 56-557.
Safari, Hassan. A Comparative Study of the Reflective Poems of Mohammad Reza Shafiei Kadkani and Ilya Abu Madi. Master Thesis of Imam Khomeini International University. Qazvin, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, 2014.
Saleh Bek, Majid; Nazari Nazari, Adhir, "Comparative Literature in Iran: Origin and Challenges", Literary Research, Volume 12, Number 38, 2007. 28-9.
Tahanawy, Muhammad Ali. Scout Encyclopedia of Arts and Sciences Conventions. Beirut: Chap Rafeeq Ajam, 1996.
Wall, Jean.  Discussion in Metaphysics. Edited by Yahya Mahdavi et al. Tehran: University Publishing Center, 1991.
Yahaghi, Mohammad Jafar, and Alireza Mahmoudi. "Rumi and the Mongols". Rumi Research Quarterly. Fifth year, 2011: 139-117
Zamani, Karim. Minager of Love. Tehran: Publishing Nay, 2003.
Zarkali, Khairuddin. Media. Lebanon: House of Science for Millions, 1989.
Zayf, Shawqi. Studies in Contemporary Arabic Poetry. 10th Edition, Cairo: Dar Al-Maarif. No date.
Zhamti, Muhammad. “Practical Application of Talismans of Elia Abu Madi with Rubaiyat Khayyam.” Jahan Literature. 2009: 42 - 44.