Ahmadi, Aliakbar, Soheila, Darabi. “The dimenshon of Theory of Post Decolonization the Novel of (Zakerat Ak Jasad) by Ahlam Al Mstaganemi and (Hamsayeha) by Ahmad Mahmood.” Pazhouhesh-e- Adabiat-e- Moaser-e- Jahan [Research in Contemporary World Literature/ Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji], no. 2. Summer 1398, pp. 307-334.
Barrios, Olga. “The Intellectual Spear: Lorraine Hansberry’s les Blancs.” Atlantis XVIII, vol. 1, no. 2, 1996, pp.28-36.
Bucknell, Brad, “Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and the Theory of Signifyin(g).” Ariel: A Review of International English Literature, vol. 1, no. 1, 1990, pp. 65- 84.
Burrell, Julie M., “To Be a Man: A Re-Assessment of Black Masculinity in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun and Les Blancs.” The Journal of African Diaspora Drama, Theatre and Performance vol. 1, no. 1, June 2014.
Carter, Steven R. “Colonialism and Culture in Lorraine Hansberry's Les Blancs.” MELUS, vol. 15, no. 1, Ethnic Women Writers V (Spring, 1988), pp. 27-46.
Effiong, Philip Uko. In Search of a Model for African- American Drama: A Study of Selected Plays by Lorraine Hansberry, Amiri Baraka, and Nazake Shange. New York: University Press of America, Inc, 2000.
______________. “History, Myth, and Revolt in Lorraine Hansberry's Les Blancs.” African American Review, vol. 32, no. 2, Summer, Indiana State University Press, 1998, pp. 273-283.
Gabrielle, Cindy. “Remembering the Clichés: Memory and Stereotypes in Baraka's The Slave, Fuller's A Soldier's Play and Hansberry’s Les Blanc.”, English Text Construction vol. 2. no.1, 2009, pp. 146-156.
Gates, Henry L. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Africo-American Literary Criticism. Oxford University Press, 1988.
______________. Figures in Black : words, signs, and the "racial" self. Oxford University Press, 1987.
Hansberry, Lorraine. The Collected Last Plays: Les Blancs, Drinking Gourd and What Use are the flowers? Vintage Books, 1994.
Isaacs, H. “Five Writers and their African Ancestors, Part II.” Phylon vol.21, no.4. pp. 317-336. Clark Atlantic University, 1960.
Joy L. Abell, “African/American: Lorraine Hansberry's Les Blancs and the American Civil Rights Movement.” The African American Review, 2001, pp. 45-65.
Kemayo, Kamau. Emerging Afrikan Survivals: An Afrocentric Critical Theory, Routledge, 2003.
Naderi, Leila. “The Concept of Signifyin(g) Monkey in Beloved by Toni Morrison.” Natural Science, vol. 11, no. 12, 2013, pp.196- 200.
Rezvantalab, Z, Marzieh Mehrab. “The Study of cultural consequences of colonialism in Driss Chraïbi's works in the Light of Aimée Césaire's ideas.” Pazhouhesh-e- Adabiat-e- Moaser-e- Jahan [Research in Contemporary World Literature/ Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji], no. 1. Summer 1397, pp. 393-414.
Smitherman, Geneva. Talkin and Testifyin: The Language of Black America. Wayne State University Press, 1986.
Zingale, J. W. “The Plays of Lorraine Hansberry: Themes of Confrontation and Commitment.” A Thesis. New York: The Ohio State Universit, 1973.