Tradition and/or Modernity in Contemporary Iranian Short Fiction

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


This Study focuses on the relationship between tradition and
modernity and their reciprocity and/or opposition in Iranian short fiction. For
this purpose, six short stories have been selected from Beshno Az Vey Chon
Hekayat Mikonad, a collection of short stories written by the most recent
Iranian short fiction writers. These stories are as follows: Shahrnoush
Parsipour's "Bagh-e Farrokhleqa," Mansour Koushan's "Ayne-ye
Sangi-e Madarbozorg," Monirou Ravanipour's "Kanizoo," Amir
Hassan Cheheltan's "Asrar-e Marg-e Mirza Abul-Hassan Khan Hakim,"
Asghar Abdollahi's "Dar Posht-e An Meh," and Jafar Modarresi
Sadeghi's "Shazdeh kouchulou." Besides being recent, the mentioned
stories best suit the approaches adopted for the analytical purposes of this
study. The researcher seeks to examine the notions of tradition and modernity
in these stories through feministic and deconstructionist criteria and prove
that there is a negotiation between the two discourses in the selected
material. In other words, the researcher is going to propose that some modern
Iranian fiction is capable of representing both modernity and tradition rather
than depreciating tradition in favor of modernity. It should be stressed that
the researcher is not going to extend her conclusions to all contemporary
Iranian short fiction.