Alexander Griboyedov: Russian Poet, Dramatist and Diplomat in Iran



Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov was a Russian diplomat, playwright, and composer. He is recognized in Russian literature as a dramatist and writer of a book, whose fame rests on the brilliant verse comedy Woe from Wit (The Woes of Wit), a satire on Russian aristocratic society which continus to be one of the most often staged plays in Russia. However, in Iran he is known as the great Russian Ambassador of the Qajar Dynasty called “Vazir Mukhtar”, unfortunately though obscure as a literary figure. Undoubtedly one may consider him as a composer rather than a diplomat, because in the past many Russian authors, who were not satisfied with their social and political situation, were sent to live in another country. Griboyedov, who accompanied the revolutionaries (Decembrists), was exiled to Iran. Griboyedov’s appearance in Iran has great value both in the political field, as well as literary field. Although diplomatically his presence in Iran had some advantages for the Russian government, his death however was the beginning of Iranian acquaintance with European modern dramatical art, which is a turning point for Iranian art and literature.