The explication of the role of fire in, and its profound impact on, human communities throughout history requires multiple ranges of knowledge such as history, psychology, sociology, physics, ethnology, anthropology. While the present paper does not utilize all these principles, it argues that fire may encompass a broad range of meanings that enable this element to possess a receptacle of diverse and contradictory senses and symbolic concepts. To address some of these symbolic characteristics, the authors try to analyse its varied meanings through an analysis of some of the dichotomies it has obtained, two of which are fire as destructive/ constructive force and a life-/death-giving element. In order to do so, the authors base their argument on a tradition which, compared with other cults, reveals the symbolic characteristics of fire more conspicuously and more succinctly, namely, Zoroastrianism.