Galileo is the most distinguished italian intellectual figure of the 17th century. He tried to enlighten the scientific culture of Medieval ages, influeneced by Greek and Latin cultures. Contrary to the Medieval language, he dedicated himself more seriously to using a language which enabled him to communicate better with people. He chose a dialogue and a language which was neither technical nor scientific. in this article the researcher takes into account the Enlightenment Movement of the 18th century which in some respects imitated Galileo’s tradition and created a language comprehensible for people.